Author Marques Vickers profiles and photographs twenty-five former toxic waste sites with his book “In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing”. His edition focuses on visually documenting the contemporary redevelopment of these properties decades after they have become removed from closer public and media scrutiny.
During the 1960s through early 1990s, an environmental disaster originated from leaking hazardous chemicals and solvents employed in semiconductor manufacturing. A lethal combination of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) seeped through on-site industrial storage containers. These concentrated leakages formed toxic plumes that penetrated between thirty and five hundred feet beneath the ground surface. The plumes ranged from three hundred feet to ten miles in length. Drinking water, regional creeks, streams and estuary lands were affected. The result has left the technology heartland with an extended network of contaminated groundwaters.
The resulting contamination of soils and waters created a large-scale clean-up dilemma for a region that has sustained prosperity from the evolution of the technology industry. Neighboring public health consequences have included documented elevated statistics on cancer rate spikes and birth defects. Limited follow-up litigation has generally resulted in no-fault disclosure financial settlements. Only one individual has faced criminal related disposal charges and was convicted of ten misdemeanors.
Federal Superfund clean up projects began in the 1980s, coordinated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The Silicon Valley has the highest concentration of Superfund sites in the United States. Reclamation projects transported polluted soils to federal hazardous waste sites. Water excavation pumping, filtering and monitoring stations were established. These ongoing treatments have reversed groundwater contamination levels to acceptable EPA standards. They have not completely eliminated the toxic compound presence or eradicated the risk of vapor intrusion aboveground.
Silicon Valley groundwater remains unacceptable for public consummation. The most affected cities currently outsource drinking water from the Hetch Hetchy reservoir in Yosemite, Sacramento Delta, San Luis Reservoir and long-established municipal and private wells.
The subsequent reuses of formerly contaminated parcels currently include residential, retail and commercial developments, a shopping center and church. Only a small percentage of lands remain dormant and these are targeted for future development.
The Silicon Valley manufacturing era remains a discreetly mentioned blight to the legacy of the industry. The semiconductor manufacturing process has subsequently been relocated offshore. Instead of prioritizing hygienic solutions for production and waste disposal, the shifting has reportedly created an equally dangerous source of dioxin pollution transported globally by prevailing winds and ocean currents.
The author’s research is based exclusively from EPA archived documentation and related contaminant databases. The text and photographs are best summarized in his chilling opening paragraph:
This is a story about unhappy endings. This is a narrative about how the manufacture of technology has potentially forever poisoned the subterranean strata of the Silicon Valley. In brief, this is a horror story.
Details:rank:price: $14.98bound: 132 pagespublisher: Marquis Publishing; 1 edition (March 29, 2017)lang: Englishasin: B06XY3MZW1isbn:weight:filesize: 3342 KBIn Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing text how download book selling mp3 In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing book buy cheap In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing torrent download Rarbg free In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing book download fb2 In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing text view writer download amazon In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing read thepiratebay eReader sale book In Search of Toxic Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing 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Silicon Valley: The Subterranean Poisoning From High Technology Manufacturing audio book Although he identifies himself as both a solar advocate and a solar userhe has a photovoltaic array in hisyardhis research has made him mindful of the significant health risks and environmental costs of manufacturing PV panelsThe Berlin Wall: Over 25 Years After Fall Buy Return to the Berlin Wall eBook Adobe pdf Format $9.95 USD LAKE UNION: The Public Face of Prosperity Buy Lake Union Architecture eBook Adobe pdf Format $9.95 USD 2001: SIA panel says it found insufficient evidence to prove or disprove that there is a higher risk of cancer at semiconductor manufacturing plantsWithin a few months, he said, "we were batting 1,000The system is highly inefficientOne of those is a class of chemicals called dioxins, which are on the EPAs list of dirty dozen dangerous chemicalsCleaning up a Superfund site can take more than 10 yearsRecently, formal environmental performance ratings for the solar industry have started to emergeThe extreme heat inside approaches 2,000 degrees, separating the toxic chemicals from the filtersFriends of the Earth/ The Chronicle MANDATORY CREDIT FOR PHOTOG AND SF CHRONICLE/ -MAGS OUT Business#Business#Chronicle#12/08/2003#ALL#Advance##0421513722 less TOXICS054GLADSTONE.jpg Rick and Susan Puppo who in 1981 learned that their water had been contaminated by leaking storage tanks from Fairchild corpFor instance, between 2002 and 2006, roughly 80 percent of the contaminants pulled from the groundwater at the Silicon Valley site came from surrounding soil and rock, a report by environmental consulting firms Geosyntec and GSI foundSkip to main content Photo caption ibm17PH11068595200The Chronicleibm17102pc.jpgPlaintiffs' attorneys provided this undated photograph of an employee working in a clean roomAlthough NaOH is itself a caustic chemical, it is easier to treat and dispose of than hydrofluoric acid and is less risky for workersThe system continues to run on inertiaLatest news videos The latest round of that fight is playing out in a Santa Clara courtroom where two former IBM workers, Alida Hernandez and Jim Moore, accuse the company of exposing them to known or suspected cancer-causing chemicals such as benzene, trichloroethylene and Freon at a San Jose disk drive factory -- the same facility that leaked chemicals into the area's water supplyGERMAN HISTORY Few countries at the time had stringent rules covering the storage and disposal of silicon tetrachloride waste, and China was no exception, as some Washington Post reporters discoveredFirst Solar has meanwhile been steadily reducing the amount of cadmium used in its solar cellsAnd most of this goes into landfillsBut its notIt concluded that for every 5 pounds treated, 3.5 pounds of carbon dioxide are producedThe Superfund sites in Silicon Valley are still tainted with trichloroethylene, a solvent/etchant once widely used to clean chips (USA Today Tech Report 1/26/99)Soon after Google set up a satellite campus in Mountain View in 2012, toxic vapors from contaminants underground infiltrated the companys offices, exposing employees to potentially dangerous levels of TCEStacey notes, "As cancer rates and birth defects in the country rose alarmingly, outraged residents discovered that their water supply had been contaminated by more than one hundred industrial chemicals that were known or suspected to be carcinogens, mutagens, or teratogens" (296)John DThis is a major component of the proposed European Union Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Genesis of toxic groundwater The evolution of the tech industry can be traced through the Mountain View sites inhabitantsUnder Pigous system, the recycled paper will be cheaper and the paper from old-growth trees will be much more expensive, reflecting the true cost to the planet in the pricesBut that does not mean you can automatically stamp a thin-film solar cell as greenOf its more than $8 billion annual budget, nearly $1.2 billion goes to the Superfund programDaniel Quinn sums it eloquently on his website:The EPA's Takata said the Fairchild-IBM case "really caused companies to take a look at their practices." Smith of the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition speculated on the reason: moneyJohn DIf exposed to low levels of the chemical during a crucial three-week period in their first trimester, women face an increased risk of having a baby born with holes in the heart, an EPA analysis found"The lesson they learned is it's cheaper to prevent additional groundwater contamination than it is to pay to clean it up," he saidOnce across the state border, the road winds through central Ohios expanse of rest stops, agricultural fields, mega-porn shops and arena-sized churchesNot just how to move them around like a shell gameSo, lets minimize the problem, monitor it and wait to figure out what in the world were going to do with this waste 07f867cfac Personally, I favor the death penalty after having researched so much senseless death and lossPatrick High School graduate, Vickers said it was definitely a learning experience as he realized “serial killers and mass murderers are incapable of remorseBUY ART PAINTERS SCULPTORS PHOTOGRAPHERS MIXED MEDIA ARTISTS ARTISTS ONLINE Discover over 500,000 works of contemporary fine art, especially high quality original artworksBy the time Joseph Robert was born, however, the father is said to have diedA Massacre Of InnocentsThe+Ohio+Bulletin+of+Charities+and+Correction%3A+Proceedings+of+State+Conference+of+Charities+and+Correction%2C+Columbus%2C+November+11-13%2C+1914+%28Classic+Reprint%29 Pure Delicious: More Than 150 Delectable Allergen-Free Recipes Without Gluten, Dairy, Eggs, Soy, Peanuts, Tree Nuts, Shellfish, or Cane Sugar Heather Christo Land Use in Chicago: Volume Two of the Report of the Chicago Land Use Survey Directed by the Chicago Plan Commission and Conducted by the Work Projects Administration (Classic Reprint) Bank Book Record Keeping: Bank Deposit Book Spiralise Your Vegetables Making Big Decisions Better: How to Set and Simplify Business Strategy 100 Slow Cooker Recipes: Slow Cooker Cookbook for Healthy Lifestyle Sales Log Journal.: ) Dark Red Expense Ledger, Stock Record Tracker, Daily Sales Log Book, Journal Notebook for Personal, Company and Business Usage. ... 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